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仰韶彩陶文化專題系列(一)

人文晨曦 醪醴之源 

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1983年10月,考古專家在仰韶文化楊家村遺址出土了一組陶器。這組陶器計有5只小杯、4只高腳杯和一只陶葫蘆(現藏陜西歷史博物館)。專家們對實物進行鑒定后確認,這批古陶器為酒具,屬泥質紅陶,燒成溫度900攝氏度,有5800-6000年的歷史,是原始社會新石器時代仰韶文化早期偏晚的遺物。

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“雙連環杯也是酒具,但又不是普通的酒具,而是禮儀用具,為遠古部落間結盟時領導者對飲所專享,以象征友好。也許在溝通和好之前,兩個部落之間曾經有過矛盾或戰爭,如今化干戈為玉帛,信任十分重要,因此,雙鏈環杯之間開有孔道,這樣兩個部落首領即避免了嘴對嘴共飲一杯酒又可以不必擔心酒中有毒,正所謂’生死之交一壺酒‘”(見中央電視臺《探索與發現》——《神秘的中國彩陶》)。

這些彩陶器的出土對我國酒文化的研究有著十分重要的意義,精美的彩陶,可能無意中讓我們觸摸到了中國酒的源頭。除了酒文化的起源,在神秘的仰韶彩陶、彩陶紋飾之中,華夏文明許多領域都可覓得源蹤——文字、數學、天文學、植物學、動物學、紡織技術的發展······

WEN:WANGJUNXUE

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