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仰韶彩陶文化专题系列(一)

人文晨曦 醪醴之源 

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1983年10月,考古专家在仰韶文化杨家村遗址出土了一组陶器。这组陶器计有5只小杯、4只高脚杯和一只陶葫芦(现藏陕西历史博物馆)。专家们对实物进行鉴定后确认,这批古陶器为酒具,属泥质红陶,烧成温度900摄氏度,有5800-6000年的历史,是原始社会新石器时代仰韶文化早期偏晚的遗物。

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“双连环杯也是酒具,但又不是普通的酒具,而是礼仪用具,为远古部落间结盟时领导者对饮所专享,以象征友好。也许在沟通和好之前,两个部落之间曾经有过矛盾或战争,如今化干戈为玉帛,信任十分重要,因此,双链环杯之间开有孔道,这样两个部落首领即避免了嘴对嘴共饮一杯酒又可以不必担心酒中有毒,正所谓’生死之交一壶酒‘”(见中央电视台《探索与发现》——《神秘的中国彩陶》)。

这些彩陶器的出土对我国酒文化的研究有着十分重要的意义,精美的彩陶,可能无意中让我们触摸到了中国酒的源头。除了酒文化的起源,在神秘的仰韶彩陶、彩陶纹饰之中,华夏文明许多领域都可觅得源踪——文字、数学、天文学、植物学、动物学、纺织技术的发展······

WEN:WANGJUNXUE

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